Previous studies on the value relevance of board gender and ethnic diversity have produced mixed results. This paper re‐examines this relationship using hand‐collected data of 245 South African listed firms over the period 2008–2013. We document a positive and significant effect of both board gender and ethnic diversity on firm value. We also find that the increase in firm value is greater when boards have three or more women directors. In contrast, ethnic minority directors contribute less to firm value when there are three or more on the board. Furthermore, we document that ethnicity has a concave relationship with firm value, but gender does not. We demonstrate that in better‐governed firms, ethnic diversity is more value relevant than gender diversity. Our results also suggest that financial crisis is associated with the propensity to restructure boards along gender and ethnicity. This paper sheds new light on the effect of board diversity in South African firms as the government increasingly pursues policies aimed at eradicating the effects of apartheid. Our results are robust after controlling for self‐selection and various forms of endogeneity.
ERNEST GYAPONG, Griffith University – Griffith Business School, Griffith University, Griffith Business School, Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics, Students Email: E.email@example.com REZA MONEM, Griffith University – Griffith Business School Email: firstname.lastname@example.org FANG HU, Griffith University – The Department of Accounting, Finance & Economics Email: email@example.com
See the SSRN article here